The Meaning of Science

Explore the meaning of science and its key characteristics through examples, case studies, and statistics. Discover how science is essential for understanding the world around us.

What is Science?

Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe. It is a way of understanding the natural world through observation and experimentation.

Key Characteristics of Science

  • Empirical: based on evidence from observation or experimentation
  • Objective: strives to minimize bias and subjectivity
  • Systematic: follows a methodological approach

Examples of Science in Action

One example of science in action is the field of medicine. Doctors use scientific principles and evidence to diagnose and treat diseases. Another example is climate science, where researchers study the Earth’s climate system to understand and predict changes.

Case Studies

A famous case study in science is the discovery of the structure of DNA by James Watson and Francis Crick. Through a combination of observation and experimentation, they were able to uncover the double helix structure of DNA, revolutionizing our understanding of genetics.


According to a survey by the National Science Foundation, 77% of Americans believe that the benefits of scientific research outweigh any potential harms. This shows a widespread appreciation for the importance of science in society.

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