What is a Lobotomy

Learn about the history, types, and ethical concerns surrounding lobotomies, once a common treatment for mental illnesses now considered outdated and inhumane.


A lobotomy is a surgical procedure that involves cutting or scraping away connections in the brain’s prefrontal cortex. It was once a common treatment for mental illnesses but is now largely considered unethical and outdated.

Types of Lobotomies

  • Transorbital Lobotomy
  • Pre-frontal Lobotomy
  • Cingulotomy

Historical Context

Lobotomies gained popularity in the early to mid-20th century as a treatment for various mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia, depression, and anxiety disorders.

Case Studies

One of the most famous lobotomy patients was Rosemary Kennedy, sister of President John F. Kennedy, who underwent a lobotomy at the age of 23 and was left permanently disabled.

Modern Views

Lobotomies are now considered barbaric and outdated, with the advent of more effective and humane treatments for mental illnesses, such as medication and therapy.


In conclusion, lobotomies were once a common treatment for mental illnesses, but are now seen as unethical and inhumane. It is important to understand the history of lobotomies to appreciate the progress that has been made in treating mental illnesses.

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