What is Climate Change

Learn what climate change is, its causes, impacts, and case studies. Discover why it’s a pressing issue for our planet’s future.

Understanding Climate Change

Climate change refers to long-term changes in temperature, precipitation, and other atmospheric conditions on Earth. It is primarily driven by the increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, which trap heat and lead to global warming.

Causes of Climate Change

  • Burning fossil fuels
  • Deforestation
  • Industrial processes

Impact of Climate Change

Climate change affects all aspects of life on Earth, including ecosystems, agriculture, and human health. Rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and shifting habitats are just a few examples of the consequences of climate change.

Case Studies

In 2019, Australia experienced devastating wildfires due to prolonged drought and high temperatures, exacerbated by climate change. The Great Barrier Reef is also suffering from coral bleaching caused by rising ocean temperatures.


According to NASA, the global average temperature has increased by about 1.1 degrees Celsius since the late 19th century. This may seem small, but it has significant implications for the planet.

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