What is Poverty

Discover what poverty is, its causes, effects, and real-life case studies. Learn about the statistics and impact of poverty worldwide.


Poverty is a complex social issue that affects millions of people worldwide. It is a condition characterized by the lack of resources necessary for basic human needs, such as food, shelter, and healthcare.

Causes of Poverty

  • Lack of education
  • Unemployment
  • Low wages
  • Health issues

Effects of Poverty

  • Malnutrition
  • Homelessness
  • Lack of access to healthcare
  • High crime rates

Case Studies

For example, in sub-Saharan Africa, almost half of the population lives on less than $1.90 a day. In the United States, more than 10% of the population lives below the poverty line.


According to the World Bank, over 700 million people lived in extreme poverty in 2015, defined as living on less than $1.90 a day. In 2018, 8.5% of the world’s population was living in extreme poverty.

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