What is the Primary Target of Communist Theory?

Communist theory targets capitalism to eliminate class distinctions and establish a classless society. Learn more about the essence of communist theory, examples from history, and statistical data supporting its goals.

The Essence of Communist Theory

Communist theory is primarily focused on the elimination of class distinctions and the establishment of a classless society where all members have equal access to resources and opportunities.

The Target: Capitalism

One of the primary targets of communist theory is capitalism. Communists believe that capitalism perpetuates inequality and exploitation, with the means of production owned by a small ruling class while the working class is left to struggle for their livelihood.

Example: Russia

During the Russian Revolution, the Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin overthrew the capitalist system and established a communist government. The goal was to create a society where all members had equal access to resources and opportunities, free from the exploitation of capitalism.

Case Study: China

China also underwent a communist revolution led by Mao Zedong in the mid-20th century. The Communist Party of China aimed to eliminate capitalist influences and create a classless society based on socialist principles.


  • According to the World Inequality Database, the top 1% of the global population owns more wealth than the bottom 50%

Communist theory seeks to address this wealth disparity by redistributing resources and opportunities to create a more equitable society.

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